Upon the establishment of the Ming Dynasty, the Hongwu Emperor moved the capital from Beijing in the north to Nanjing in the south, and ordered to burn down the Yuan palaces. When his son Zhu Di became the Yongle Emperor, he moved the capital back to Beijing, and the construction of Forbidden City began in 1406. The construction lasted 15 years, and required more than a million workers. Material used include whole logs of precious Phoebe zhennan wood found in the jungles of south-western China, and large blocks of marble from quarries near Beijing. The floors of major halls were paved with "golden bricks".
The Forbidden City, situated in the very heart of Beijing, was home to 24 emperors of the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) Dynasties. In ancient times, the emperor claimed to be the son of Heaven, and therefore Heaven’s supreme power was bestowed upon him. The emperors' residence on earth was built as a replica of the "Purple Palace where God was thought to live in Heaven". Such a divine place was certainly forbidden to ordinary people and that is why the Forbidden City is so named.
The Forbidden City is the world's largest surviving palace complex and covers 72 hectare . It is a 961 meters from north to south and 753 meters from east to west. It consists of 980 surviving buildings with 8,707 rooms. The Forbidden City was designed to be the centre of the ancient Beijing. It is enclosed in a larger, walled area called the Imperial City. The Imperial City is, in turn, enclosed by the Inner City; to its south lays the Outer City.
12 Days Sightseeing China Tour to Beijing, Xian, Chengdu, Shanghai
You'll travel to historical Beijing and Xi'an city, the hometown of panda-Chengdu and modern Shanghai. Experience Chinese high-speed bullet train and get close to giant pandas for being a volunteer, taste the various delicious local food, enjoy a series of recreation activities on the tour. You'll be deeply fascinated by Chinese history, culture and modernity.
11 Days Economic China Tour covering Beijing, Xian, Shanghai, Suzhou, Hangzhou
This eye-opening journey introduces you to the history, culture, nature, and traditional life in China. The adventure begins in Beijing, China’s political and cultural capital. From Beijing, the scene shifts to Xi'an, once emperors' throne for the most powerful dynasties. Later en route to Shanghai, a dynamic city which cast the shade of glimmering skyscrapers. The last stop will be Suzhou and Hangzhou where boasting the most scenic southeast water land in China.
13 Days Cultural China Tour including Beijing, Shanxi, Xian, Chengdu
Encounter millennium culture and regions with visits to some of China's greatest and most intriguing ancient sights. In the tour, discover the imperial treasures of Beijing including Forbidden City and Great Wall; delve into cultural life of Datong, Taiyuan and Pingyao covering UNESCO heritage Yungang Grottoes and Pingyao Ancient City; soak into the momentous Terracotta Warriors in Xian; spend time with the lovable giant pandas in Chengdu; and culminate with Leshan Giant Buddha. An economic option tour but provided with an all-inclusive package covering hotel, driver, a guide and nice lunch en route. What is more, inter-city commune by bullet train makes the trip more scenic, economical and efficient.
15 Days VIP China Tour covering Beijing, Xian, Yunnan, Guilin and Shanghai
The journey is a VIP tour providing the most experienced tour guide and the most comfortable vehicle. The trip starts from Beijing, where ancient China and the modern age meet, and you can explore this fascinating city with so many highlights and landmarks. The journey continues in Xi'an, the imperial capital of China with so many dynasties that ruled China for almost a thousand year. In Yunnan, broaden your view from local minority nationalities and quaint folk culture, and marvel at south China's Karst landscape. In Guilin, discover and experience China’s rich minority culture and enjoy a wonderful cruise. Your last stop will be dazzling, metropolis Shanghai. What’s more, delicacies will catch your stomach en-route.
16-Day VIP Deluxe China Tour of Beijing,shanxi,Xian,Sichuan,Guilin,Shanghai
In the 16 days cultural tour, explore the Temple of Heaven and Forbidden City, walk a scenic section of the Great Wall at Mutianyu in Beijing; marvel at the city’s best-preserved fortifications in Pingyao; meet 7,000-strong Terracotta Warriors in Xian; upgrade your journey by having your photos taken while holding a baby panda if conditions are favorable and UNESCO heritage Leshan Giant Buddha; discover the small villages and Karst formations of the Li River, experience famous cruise in Li River, Venice-like canals of nearby Zhujiajiao and Huangpu River in metropolis Shanghai. Your guide will provide in-depth information about each site's history and significance.
13 Days VIP Delicacy China Tour including Beijing, Xian, Shanghai, and Hongkong
The 13-day tour is a VIP tour offering comfortable vehicles and the experienced tour guide who provides the most professional commentary on all highlights in the tour. China is reputed for the best cuisines, ancient architecture, brilliant culture, profound tradition with inspiring modern new looks. This food-focused itinerary introduces travelers to the country’s captivating mix of flavors and from Beijing, passing Xian and Shanghai, and terminated in Hong Kong dotted with many historical and cultural highlights. In the 13 days tour, different styles delicacies will accompany you en routes applied with so many glittering wonders in an all-inclusive sweeping view.
Answers to questions
Forbidden City Photos