Terracotta Warriors is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. It is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210–209 BC and whose purpose was to protect the emperor in his after worldThe figures, dating from approximately the late third century BC, were discovered in 1974 by local farmers in Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi province. The figures vary in height according to their roles, with the tallest being the generals. The figures include warriors, chariots and horses. Estimates2007 were that the three pits containing the Terracotta Army held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which remained buried in the pits nearby Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum. Other terracotta non-military figures were found in other pits, including officials, acrobats, strongmen and musicians.
Terracotta Warriors became the greatest archaeological discovery of the 20th century. The site is located 1.5 kilometers east of the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor. The emperor's terra cotta army was found in three underground timber lined vaults. The Pit 1 containedsix thousand figures of soldiers; the Pit 2 had fourteen hundred figures of cavalrymen, horses and infantrymen, along with ninety wooden chariots; whilst the Pit 3 contained about seventy figures of warriors. Excavating them has been a massive undertaking.
The museum covers an area of 16,300 square meters. Life size terracotta figures of warriors and horses arranged in battle formations are the star features at the museum. They are replicas of what the imperial guard should look like in those days of pomp and vigor.
Since Oct. 1st, 2010 the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses and the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum have been combined into one large attraction area, Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum, which also includes three other small sites opened in 2011. The Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum and the nearby three sites, namely the Museum of Terracotta Acrobatics, the Museum of Terracotta Civil Officials, and the Museum of Stone Armor, constitute the so-called Lishan Garden. Besides, 30 free shuttle buses have been available for visitors' convenience to travel between the Lishan Garden and the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses from then onThe Terra Cotta Army is a sensational archeological find of all times. It has put Xian on the map for visitors. It was listed by UNESCO in 1987 as one of the world cultural heritages.
Half Day Terra-cotta Warriors Tour
Visit the UNESCO World Heritage "Terracotta Warriors Army and Horses Museum", learn about China’s history of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum with a professional guide on a half-day Xian tour. Choose between group tour and private tour to suit your budget, this flexible tour includes hotel transfer, local lunch and entrance fee.
2 Days Xian Highlights Tour
On this tour, get to view Xian's signature sights on 2 days of private sightseeing covering national treasure "Big Wild Goose Pagoda", UNESCO World Heritage "Terracotta Warriors", history book of Xian "Shaanxi History Museum", the best-preserved "Xian City Wall", and a famous Islamic heritage "Xian Great Mosque". Your two days of sightseeing include a private guide, private transportation, entrance fees, pick -up and drop-off at your chosen Xian location, two Chinese lunches and a dumpling banquet.
5 Days Xian Terracotta Warriors and Mount Hua Exploration Tour
Xian is a world-famous ancient city since 2,000 years ago. It not only has wonderful historical highlights but also amazing natural wonders. On this tour, you will experience the UNESCO world heritage-Terracotta Warriors, and well-preserved Xian City Wall, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Shaanxi History Museum, Muslim Street. Challenge Mt. Huashan, one of the five most impressive and dangerous mountains in China.
3 Days Xian in Depth Tour
Xian is home to some of the most spectacular sights in China, on this tour discover the UNESCO-listed mausoleum of Emperor Shihuang with its thousands of life-sized terracotta warriors and their horses, take a stroll on the historic Muslim Street, visit the spectacular City Wall and also get to discover the national treasure "Big Wild Goose Pagoda", visit the comfortable "Huaqing Hot Springs, and the magnificent "Bell Tower and Drum Tower".
1 Day Most Popular Xian Tour to Terra-cotta Warriors and Xian City Wall
During this tour, you will see remnants from the Qin Dynasty at the Terracotta Army which is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of QinShiHuang, the first Emperor of China. The program also includes Xian City Wall is the world's largest and best-preserved ancient fortress dating from the Ming Dynasty for outstanding views of the city when strolling the walls.
Unique Xian Tour to Terracotta Warriors and Huashan Mountain
On this tour, experience both the historical relics in Xian and explore the wonderful scenery of Huashan mountain. Uncover the national treasure at the "Big Wild Goose Pagoda" and the UNESCO world heritage "Terracotta Warriors" then enjoy a full-day tour to Mount Huashan to see Buddhist and Taoist temples, walking through the mountain, admire the spectacular landscape of sheer cliffs with temples that cling on to the rock.
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