Home / / Dining
Rou jia mo, also known as rougamo , meaning "meat burger" or "meat sandwich," is a street food originating from Shaanxi Province and now widely consumed all over China. The meat is most commonly pork, stewed for hours in a soup containing over 20 spices and seasonings. Although it is possible to use only a few spices (which many vendors do), the resulting meat is less flavourful.
Many alternative fillings are available. For example, in Muslim areas in Xi'an, the meat is usually beef (prepared kabob-style and seasoned with cumin and pepper, and in Gansu it is often lamb. The meat is then minced or chopped, then mixed with chopped coriander and capsicums, and stuffed in "mo", a type of flatbread. An authentic mo is made from a wheat flour batter and then baked in a clay or mud oven, but now in many parts of China, mo is made in a frying pan or a pressure cooker (some even substitute a steamed bun), and the resulting taste diverges significantly from the authentic clay oven-baked version. Depending on the types of spices used to cook the meat and the way the bread is made, the taste of roujiamo can vary greatly from vendor to vendor.
Roujiamo costs around 20 yuan in most parts of China citation needed] and is considered the Chinese equivalent to the Western hamburger and meat sandwiches. In fact, roujiamo could be the world's oldest sandwich or hamburger, since this bread dates back to the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC) and the meat to the Zhou Dynasty (1045 BC to 256 BC). Contrary to popular misconceptions, roujiamo is not a street food unique to Muslims. It was invented first by the Han Chinese, while Muslims simply substituted pork with barbecued beef or lamb due to Islamic restrictions on eating pork.
Roujiamo can be found in many street food vendor stalls or near Chinese mosques. Some vendors also call it la zhi roujiamo or lazhi roujiamo, which simply means roujiamo with special gravy. Others call it bai ji la zhi roujiamo (or baiji lazhi roujiamo), which means roujiamo with special gravy in a bread (bai ji refers to the type of bread).
Roujiamo is included on the menu of the Lotus Blossom Cafe in Florida's Disney World.
Got Question & Quick Answer
Immerse yourself in the peak of Chinese art and culture from this Tang Dynasty Show. Enjoy delicious the wide assortment of dumplings and gorgeous live music, beautiful sets and endless dancing. Not to miss if you're in Xi’an!!!
Xi'an Dumpling Banquet and Tang Dynasty Show
Visit the UNESCO World Heritage "Terracotta Warriors Army and Horses Museum", learn about China’s history of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum with a professional guide on a half-day Xian tour. Choose between group tour and private tour to suit your budget, this flexible tour includes hotel transfer, local lunch and entrance fee.
Half Day Terra-cotta Warriors Tour
Explore the essence spots in Xian and Chengdu in 5 days tour. In Xian, visit Terracotta Warriors, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Xian City Wall and Muslim Street. Catch the high-speed train to Chengdu to visit cute panda, Leshan Giant Buddha, Wenshu Temple, Kuanzhai Alley, Wuhou Temple, Jinli Old Street, Renmin Park, Chunxi Road. You will have a deeper understanding of Chinese history in Xian and experience of the authentic lifestyle of the locals.
5 Days Xian Chengdu Tour by High-speed Train
Take a week to have an in-depth Xian Chengdu tour, absorb the centuries-old Chinese history and tradition. Marvel at the eighth world wonder-Terracotta Warrior, ancient City Wall and Big Goose Pagoda. Savor delicious food at Muslim Street. In Chengdu, visit the popular giant pandas, amazing Leshan Giant Buddha and Dujiangyan Irrigation System, sacred Mount Emei and Mount Qingcheng.
7 Days Xian Chengdu Tour with Mount Emei and Leshan Giant Buddha