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White Emperor City

White Emperor City

Tour Code : C2199
Type : Historic sites
City / Province : Chongqing
Built in : Western Han Dynasty


White Emperor City is an ancient temple complex on a hill on the northern shore of the Yangtze River overlooking the Qutang Gorge, one of the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River. It is also the best place to overlook “Kui Gate” which is at the entrance to Qutang Gorge.

White Emperor City

Cruising downstream along the Yangtze River Fengjie for about 8 km (5 miles), you will find many buildings with hanging eaves standing among verdant trees on the mountains, and that is the White Emperor CityIt is located at the northern bank of the Yangtze River, near the mouth of Qutang Gorge. It has long been a famous place since ancient times.

At the end of the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC - 24 AD) when the throne was usurped by Wang Mang. Gongsun Shu, a general following Wang Mang, made Sichuan an independent regime, and also wanted to be an emperor. When he heard that a well in the Ziyang Town at the bank of Qutang Gorge always released white fog which looked like a white dragon, he spread a rumor that the white fog was a white dragon, which indicated he could become an emperor (a dragon was believed to be the incarnation of an emperor in ancient China). In 25 AD, Gongsun Shu proclaimed himself White Emperor and renamed the town White Emperor City, and the mountain White Emperor MountainAt that time, many places suffered from wars, but people in White Emperor City had a peaceful life, so they built a White Emperor Temple and a statue of Gongsun Shu to commemorate him after he died.
In White Emperor City ‍, some ancient architecture can be seen.Tang is the most attractive one.the Three Kingdom Period (220 - 280), the king of the Shu Kingdom, Liu Bei, failed in the battle with the Wu Kingdom at Baidi City. He became ill and entrusted his son to his prime minister, Zhuge Liang before closing his eyes. Now, the hall exhibits the statues which depict the scene of Liu Bei entrusting his son to Zhuge Liang.Palace is where the statue of Gongsun Shu was once sacrificed by the people. In the Ming Dynasty, thewas replaced by those of Liu Bei, Guan Yu, Zhangfei and Zhuge Liang. Another feature worth-mention is the Observing Stars Pavilion. It is the place where Zhuge Liang observed the stars and developed the tactic of using armsOther relics housed in Baidi Templestele forest, ancient suspended wooden coffins, painting and calligraphy works by celebrities of different dynasties.
Famous poets such as, Dufu, Bai Juyi, Liu Yuxi, Sushi, Huang Tingjian, Fan Chengda, Liuyong all had climbed Baidi Cheng and traveled aroundand therefore left many poems describing those scenic spots. Therefore, BaidiCheng is also known as "Poem Town".
In the future, BaidiCheng will be surrounded by water on all four sides. This will make the town a fairyland with astonishing beauty and charming scenery. Visitors can get into the city directly by cruise ships.

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