Shuanglin Temple is a large Buddhist temple in the Shanxi Province of China. It is notable for its collection of more than 2,000 decorated clay statues that are dated to the 12th-19th centuries. It is also nicknamed the museum of coloured sculptures.
Located in theVillage about six kilometers (four miles) to Pingyao, the Shuanglin Temple is reputed to be the 'ancient paintedmuseum'. It houses more than 2,000 colorful sculptures reflecting the exquisite skills of the artisans of the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties.In 1997, it was included in the World Heritage List by UNESCO as an important cultural site of Ping Yao City in 1997.
Originally, the temple was called the Zhongduit was renamed Shuanglin during the Song Dynasty (960-1127). In Chinese, Shuang means two or double, and Lin, forest. The temple got its name from a Buddhist story. According to the Buddhist sutra,was the founder of Buddhism, entered nirvana under two trees; Hence, its name Shuanglin.
Reconstructed in 571, the Shuanglin Temple has a history of about 1,400 years. It consists of ten large and small halls, and the sutra chanting hall and the monks' rooms. The ten halls include the Heavenly Kings' Hall, the Arhats' Hall, the Mahavira Hall (Xiong Bao Dian), and the One-Thousand Buddha Hall, the Sakyamuni Hall, the Bodhisattva Hall, the Ti-Bodhisattva Hall, the Guan Yu's Hall and two other halls. Guan Yu was a famous general of Shu during the Period of Three Kingdoms. Later, he would be worshipped as a god.
Standing in front of the Heavenly Kings' Hall, tourists will see the sculptures of the four Heavenly Kings below the eaves of the veranda, which look mighty and magnificent. Below the eaves of the hall hangs a plaque with the three characters 'Tian', 'Zhu' and 'Sheng' written on it. In the Heavenly Kings' Hall, the sculpture of Maitreya is worshiped with two Bodhisattvas attending on his left and right. There are also four Heavenly Kings and eight Bodhisattvas. With a height of three meters (ten feet) each of the four holds a(a Chinese musical instrument), a sword, a snake or an umbrella in hand. All the sculptures in the hall are vivid and lifelike.
In the middle of the Arhats' Hall is the sculpture of Kwan-yin with eighteenstanding to the left and right. The facial expressions of thesediffer from each other. With one drunken, another sick, yet another as a dwarf while others fat and thin, they all exemplify the ancient artisans' excellent skills. The muteis the most famous. His face is exaggerated with his eyebrows frowned and lips sealed. It seems that he has seen much unfairness in the worldbutexpress this to others.
In the One-Buddha Hall is enshrined Kwan-yin sitting on the pedestal with her right leg bent and left one stepping on a lotus leaf. The Veda in the hall is reputed to be the best in China and well worth exploring. There are also about 500 sculptures of Bodhisattva in different carriages.
The Sakyamuni Hall and the Bodhisattva Hall are also two must-sees of the Shuanglin Temple. In the Sakyamuni Hall is the sculpture of Sakyamuni attended, on left and right, by Manjusri and Samantabhadra. The sculptures on the walls depict some stories related to Sakyamuni. The sculpture of One-Hand Kwan-yin is the most renowned in the Bodhisattva Hall while on the walls of the Hall are embedded about 480 sculptures of Bodhisattvas.
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Pingyao Ancient City, UNESCO-listed town is famed for its Ming and Qing era architecture and quaint streets. Experience China's best-preserved Ming-era cities on this private two days tour. Besides, explore the history and lifestyle at Qiao Family Compound and learn Buddhism culture at Shuanglin Temple.
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This Datong and Pingyao tour package selects many cultural and historical attractions in Shanxi province! In just five days, delve into the Buddhist buildings like Yungang Grottos, Hanging Temple, and Shuanglin Temple. Besides, fully understand splendid residence buildings at Pingyao Ancient City and Wang Family Compound.
Hukou Waterfall Tour from Pingyao Ancient City
Stay away from on-the-go metropolis life and enjoy 3 days of a thorough relaxing life in Shanxi. An excursion to breathtaking Hukou Waterfall from adorable UNESCO world heritage Pingyao Ancient City, visiting the historical Wang Family Compound, Shuanglin Temple and Zhangbi Ancient Castle along the way, you'll get to stroll the all-vintage streets, elaborate compound of ancient commercial tycoons, temples boasting exquisite paintings and sculptures that will feast your eyes to the utmost level.
6 Days Datong Pingyao Tour from Beijing
Explore highlight city of Shanxi province from Beijing by train, In Datong, you will trace back to discover ancient architectural wonders and learn about the history, also admire the brilliant Buddhist culture and art in Yungang Grottoes and Hanging Temple. Wandering from the Ancient City of Pingyao to enjoy the peaceful atmosphere there and learn more about the history and culture of North China.
13 Days Cultural China Tour including Beijing, Shanxi, Xian, Chengdu
Encounter millennium culture and regions with visits to some of China's greatest and most intriguing ancient sights. In the tour, discover the imperial treasures of Beijing including Forbidden City and Great Wall; delve into cultural life of Datong, Taiyuan and Pingyao covering UNESCO heritage Yungang Grottoes and Pingyao Ancient City; soak into the momentous Terracotta Warriors in Xian; spend time with the lovable giant pandas in Chengdu; and culminate with Leshan Giant Buddha. An economic option tour but provided with an all-inclusive package covering hotel, driver, a guide and nice lunch en route. What is more, inter-city commune by bullet train makes the trip more scenic, economical and efficient.
16-Day VIP Deluxe China Tour of Beijing Shanxi Xian Sichuan Guilin Shanghai
In the 16 days cultural tour, explore the Temple of Heaven and Forbidden City, walk a scenic section of the Great Wall at Mutianyu in Beijing; marvel at the city’s best-preserved fortifications in Pingyao; meet 7,000-strong Terracotta Warriors in Xian; upgrade your journey by having your photos taken while holding a baby panda if conditions are favorable and UNESCO heritage Leshan Giant Buddha; discover the small villages and Karst formations of the Li River, experience famous cruise in Li River, Venice-like canals of nearby Zhujiajiao and Huangpu River in metropolis Shanghai. Your guide will provide in-depth information about each site's history and significance.
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Shuanglin Temple Photos