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Wang Family Compound

Wang Family Compound

Tour Code : C1752
Type : Historic sites
City / Province : Shanxi (Datong、Pingyao)
Built in : 1739.A.D


The Wang Family Compound is the largest of the Shanxi Courtyard Houses. Located in Lingshi County,Shanxi,the fortress compound is a tight arrangement of courtyard residences.It is one of 123 residences listed as part of the "Ancient Residences in Shanxi entry in the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List in 2008.

Wang Family Compound

  Wang's Compound is located in Jingsheng Town, Lingshi County, 35 kilometers (about 22 miles) from Pingyao Ancient City and 140 kilometers (about 87 miles) from Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province. It is a luxurious residence built during 1762-1811 by the descendants of the Wang Family, one of the Four Families of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) in Shanxi Province.
  The compound occupies a total area of 150,000 square meters (about 179,399 square yards), of which 45,000 square meters (about 53,820 square yards) has beenas a provincial protective cultural relic. It is not only an example of residential architecture, but also a museum of architectural art. Its sculptures of stone, wood and brick can be found everywhere in the courtyard. The crafts are refined and exquisite. Today, the architectural groups openare Gaojia Ya, Hongmen Bao,Bao, etc. Altogether there are 231 courtyards and 2,078 houses.

 East Courtyard, informally called Gaojia Ya, was built during the reign of Emperor Jiaqing (1796-1820) of the Qing Dynasty. It was open to the public as the Art Hall of Chinese Residences on August 18th, 1997. The complexity of the structures will make you feel like you are moving through a labyrinth. It is a cluster of courtyards, each with its own kitchen yard and private school yard. In the middle sector are two main courtyards and Beiwei Yard. In front of the main yards is a long alleyway measuring 127 meters (about 417 feet) in length and 11 meters (about 36 feet) in width. To the northeast is a small side-yard while in the southwest there is a large side-yard. At the four sides of the East Courtyard there are four gates; east gate (to the east of the long alleyway), south gate (in the middle of the alleyway), west gate (to the southwest of the large side-yard) and north gateto the northeast of the small side-yard). You will find a large number of items belonging to the family on display in the East Courtyard.

 Opposite to the west gate of East Courtyard is West Courtyard, informally called Hongmen Bao.Bao means Red, taking its name from the only red gate facing the main street. The castle is 105 meters (about 344 feet) wide from west to east and 180 meters (about 591 feet) long from north to south, presenting in the shape of a regular rectangle. The main street measuring 133 meters (about 436 feet) in length and 3.6 meters (about 11.8 feet) in width divides the whole courtyard into two main areas. Three alleys of west-eastwith the main street, thus presenting the Chinese character 'Wang'.has 27 courtyards of different styles, splendid or delicate. The Wang Museum in the courtyard is the only example of Wang culture throughout the world.
Bao was built cooperatively by Wang and other Family in 1725. The style is similar to that of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).Art Hall is located inside the a famous painter. Many of his works are displayed in this hall.

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