Mutianyu Great Wall locates in county Huairou Beijing. Mutianyu is around 73 kilometers to Beijing with a long history & brilliant culture and reputed as “the most beautiful part of thousand-li Great Wall”. Mutianyu is 5400 meter-long and the lush green cover 90% of area. Mutianyu is the longest section of Great Wall and granted as one of the 16 most beautiful sceneries in Beijing.
Mutianyu great wall mainly made of slabs of granite. It measures 7 meters to 8 meters in height, and 4 meters to 5 meters in width.
Mutianyu great wall was initially built in Northern Qi Dynasty (550-557). In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), general Xuda rebuilt based on Great Wall in Qi Dynasty. Since 1569, Tan Lun and Qi Jiguang, two famous patriotic generals, renovated it in order to strengthen its defensive potential when they guarded the strategic pass. It served as the northern protective screen, guarding the capital and imperial mausoleums for generations.
Currently, there are a first-class cable car and slideway fixed in Mutianyu Great Wall. Mutianyu Great Wall has formed a comprehensive landscape gathering culture, Stone and health fitness.
Mutianyu great wall has six specialties:
One: lushly greens.
Lushly greens in various species cover area over 96% of Mutianyu great wall. In spring, flowers bloom on the mountainside; in summer, grasses dress the hills in green; October is the most beautiful month as the leaves turn red, yellow, and gold. The Great Wall is also magnificent in winter while dressing by snow. Mutianyu Great Wall offers best looks in four seasons.
Two: Watchtowers in unique shape
The gate of Zhengguan tower is not designed in the middle, but is on the eastern side. The two-storey terrace is comprised of three hollow watchtowers, a large one in the middle and two smaller ones on two sides. It has many rooms to store grain and station troops. Mutianyu Great Wall is the only section with the unique-shaped watchtower.
Three: Heavily-dense watchtowers located
From Big Corner Tower to Zhengguan tower, less than 500 meters, there built with 4 watch towers. From No. 1 watch tower to No. 20 tower, with a total 3000 meter long, there are heavily occupied with 25 watchtowers. Every hundred-meter interval is located with one watchtower.
Four: the main and branch wall co-existed. There are 23 watchtowers distributed at close intervals along the wall. They are located not only in the main wall but also at the distinctive "branch city". Branch cities are built on the hill ridge against the inner or outer side of the wall. For example, No. 11 Watchtower can be found on the branch wall.
Five: double parapets
Both sides of the Great Wall have parapets to defend against enemies. Some parapets are saw- tooth shaped instead of the regular rectangular form. Below the parapets, there are square embrasures, the top of which are designed in an arc structure, different from the traditional round embrasures.
Six: three-dimensional appeal
Pass Mutianju has the lowest latitude only with 486 meter. From the east to Big corner tower, less than 500 meter long, Mutianyu great wall drastically raise 117 meters. From the Zhengguan tower to the 19th tower, the great wall lies more flat but from the 20th tower to the toppest, via 10 watchtowers, Mutianyu Great Wall reaches from 486 meters to 1039 meters in-depth, seems quite magnificent.
Three terrific scenic spots:
Zhengguan Terrace (No. 6 Watchtower) is 40 meters long, 30 meters wide, and 20 meters high. The terrace was built in 1404 with an important strategic position. One side facing the Mutianyu Pass is stationed with Mongolian troops while another side is an entry to Beijing and an express way to imperial tomb. The gate is not designed in the middle, but is on the eastern side. The two-storey terrace is comprised of three hollow watchtowers, a large one in the middle and two smaller ones on two sides. It has many rooms to store grain and station troops.
Big Corner Tower (No. 1 Watchtower) is connected with Mutianyu in the west, with Gubeikou in the east, and with a branch city wall in the south. The tower looks like a corner from each angle, so it is called Big Corner Tower. Big corner Tower divide Great Wall occupied by County Ji from Great Wall occupied by County Chang. Big Corner Tower is one of the biggest and the toppest eastern tower. A broad view from the big corner tower convenience visitors a lot.
“Yingfeidaoying” is one of the steepest sections of the Great Wall in Beijing. “yingfeidaoying” is the best word to depicting the “steep Great Wall in a particular part”. Jiankou is the hottest spot for taking photos nowadays. Great Wall from the middle of the mountain to the toppest of the mountain, after built one watch tower on the top of the mountain, the great wall suddenly climbs down back the middle, and then suddenly up to 840 meters, because the bend is in the shape of an ox horn and hence got the name “ox horn”. Mutianyu great wall along the side of the ox horn is reputed as “Yingfeidaoying” for the whole wall built on stone cliffs mostly with a 50 degree slope, there is one even nearly 90 vertical degree. The step is only few inches wide booked for the brave only.
Restored masterpiece-Mutianyu Great Wall
Situated 80 km northeast of central Beijing in Huairou County, The Great Wall of Mutianyu is stunning!
Book the Mutianyu Great Wall tour to visit the restored section of the wall. Enjoy the slide way and cable car fixed at the wall.
When you’re done, relax and take in the beautiful landscape all in one day! The splendor awaits you!